Over the centuries, three key cultures of the past took over the ancient city of Tharros, on the southern tip of the Sinis peninsula, leaving layer upon layer of archaeological traces: the Phoenicians, the Carthaginians and the Romans.
The Phoenicians settled here in the 8th-7th century BC, founding the city in the location of a Nuragic village dating back from the Bronze Age. Among the traces left by their presence, the vestiges of two necropolises are probably clue to the existence of two close but separate hamlets.
The “tofet” – the Phoenician sacred area where ceramic urns containing the burnt remains of animals and children were kept – was then taken over by the Carthaginians, who arrived in Tharros in the second half of the 6th century and stayed until 238 BC, when the Romans conquered Sardinia. The newcomers built walls around the city, a district of craftsmen’s workshops, the so-called “temple of the Doric semi-columns” and the typical chamber tombs.
The Romans renovated the urban plan of Tharros by reorganizing its streets and adding a sewer system, thermal spas, an aqueduct, a number of tombs and much more.
Little remains, instead of the Paleochristian and Byzantine Age.