Osimo rises over a hollow world of mysteries carved in tuff stone.
As we mentioned in a past article there are over 9 kilometers of galleries and tunnels under the Marche town, connecting numerous caves (approximately 90 have been identified so far).
Scholars have not yet reached a universally accepted explanation of why this web of underground cavities, arranged on different levels and interconnected by shafts and chimneys, was built.
Indeed, we are not even certain of when it was created (theories vary between the 6th and the 12th century, also depending on the area and specific structure).
What we know for sure is that there are different types of hypogea, pointing to a range of uses: hydraulic tunnels for water, grottoes where people sought refuge, caves for secret meetings, and warehouses for the conservation of food stocks.
Even more mysteries arise when we consider the unusual depictions carved on the walls of some caves, such as the “triple wall” – a “labyrinthine” symbol often used by the Knights Templar – that stands out in the hollow connected to Palazzo Simonetti.
Not to mention the over thirty human and animal figures decorating the walls of the Campana Grotto, below the palace of the same name: women with bow and arrow, winged young men, pagan gods, scorpions, lions, snakes…
Now let’s descent into Osimo’s mysterious underworld..