The gilt bronzes from Cartoceto di Pergola rested underground for approximately two thousand years, until they were found in 1946 in Santa Lucia di Calamello, Marche.
To our knowledge, the equestrian group is the only one of its kind to have survived from the Roman age; for this reason, since 2001 it has been traveling back and forth between Ancona and Pergola, as the two towns have been fighting over rights over it for over a decade.
The group includes two horsemen and two women, whom experts have not yet been able to identify clearly: most suggest Nero, Drusus III, Julius Caesar, or Augustus for the men, and Livia Drusilla or Agrippina Major for the women. All we know for sure is that the statues were cast between the 1st century BC and the 1st century AD.
Currently they are on display in Pergola, in the Gilt Bronzes Museum, although in 2012 the Italian Ministry of Heritage and Cultural Activities decided they are to be entrusted definitively to the National Archaeological Museum of Marche in Ancona.
Are the bronzes finally ready to settle down?