Tresigallo: built to be a symbol of rationalist urban planning
The town of Tresigallo, located between the Valleys of Comacchio and Ferrara, is a place that was born to be a utopic ideal, a little marble gem in the middle of the green Po Valley, unlike any other village in the Agro Pontino. Despite its medieval origins, it reached is golden age in the 1930s, when former trade unionist and Minister of Agriculture Edmondo Rossoni – who was born here – had it completely rebuilt according to the principles of rationalist architecture. The new sports center, school, hospital, roads and infrastructures were designed to make Tresigallo an active town where people were the center of life, stopping the demographic “hemorrhage” towards Ferrara and leveraging the then-flourishing processing industry to create a strong bond with the surrounding territory.
Tresigallo was born as a “città di fondazione” – a city founded during the Fascist period and built according to the urban planning principles of the time – and today has become an arts town that attracts rationalist architecture experts from the whole country. Its democratic design created a tidy, “metaphysical”, almost surreal and dream-like landscape that is especially fascinating to our modern eyes, so accustomed to our city’s unruliness. It is one of the few remaining examples of pre-planned city, where architecture was meant to reflect the geometry of social relationships. Edmondo Rossoni had hoped to turn it into a corporative city where classes would collaborate, using architecture and urban planning so that the workers and entrepreneurs would be neighbors and comrades in arms, fighting for the common goal of production.
After decades of oblivion after the Second World War, in the past few years a new light has been shed on Tresigallo’s architectural value, earning it a spot amongst the Borghi Autentici d’Italia (“Authentic Villages of Italy”).