In 1949, Karl Abarth – an Austrian engineer, known as Carlo after he was naturalized Italian – founded Abarth & C. from the ashes of another company, Cisitalia. His goal was not only to transform and improve production cars, but also to build record-breaking vehicles.
In the 1950s he began working with Fiat. Between 1957 and 1960 the “House of the Scorpion” (after the company logo, which refers to the founder’s zodiac sign, Scorpio) produced the Fiat-Abarth 500, 600, 750, 1000 and 1100 Record, all designed by Pininfarina.
It was the first time that Italian racetracks saw such extraordinarily unusual cars.